Title: 
Childhood lead exposure and housing sources: Does a problem exist in Ontario?
Resource Type: 
Policy Paper
Publication Date: 
November 2004
Abstract: 
The neurotoxic properties of the metal lead are undisputed and the particular vulnerability of young children to its toxic effects are well documented. While average blood lead levels of Canadian and American children have declined considerably following the removal of lead from gasoline and interior paint, American physicians continue to discover populations of children with elevated blood lead levels. The most common factor in these cases is living in housing built before the 1950’s. Research shows a correlation between age of housing, housedust, and blood lead levels in children. In 1994, it was estimated that 5-10 % of urban Canadian children continued to have elevated blood lead levels and recommendations were made by a Federal-Provincial committee to investigate the contribution of paint in Canadian dwellings. No such investigation has occurred. Since Canadian homes, particularly those built prior to 1960, contain lead paint, it is conceivable that lead dust from paint poses an on-going risk to Canadian children.
Authors: 
The Environmental Workgroup of the Ontario Public Health Association
Organization: 
Ontario Public Health Association
Source Type: 
NGO/Civil Society
Extra Comments: 

Download in PDf format from the OPHA website, linked above.

Number of Pages: 
20
Geographic Focus: 
National/Federal
Province/Territory: 
Ontario